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April 5, 2019




Friday, April 5th was a very full day. We walked about 5 miles with our tour guide, Ennio.  We started off at 9 a.m. with an in-depth tour of the Colosseum. We toured 2 levels of the Colosseum and saw the original marble and columns as well as the restored parts. We learned quite a few facts such as the gladiators were not killed during fights very often. They were the star of the show. So they were fed and treated well. Gladiators could earn their freedom if they lived long enough, usually into their 30s. From the Colosseum we walked over, up, and through Palatine Hill and the Forum, before heading off to lunch at a small neighborhood Italian restaurant a few blocks from the Vatican.


History: Colosseum

The Colosseum is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of travertine, tuff, and brick-faced concrete, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72 and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir, Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (8196). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name (Flavius).

The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles (for only a short time as the hypogeum was soon filled in with mechanisms to support the other activities), animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrineh

Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and is listed as one of the New7Wonders of the World. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and also has links to the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit "Way of the Cross" procession that starts in the area around the Colosseum. In 2018, it was the most popular tourist attraction in the world, with 7.4 million visitors.
The Colosseum is also depicted on the Italian version of the five-cent euro coin.


Carol at the fountain across from the Coloseum

The Colosseum

The Arch of Constantine, located between the Colosseum and Palatine Hill.

It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine 1's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge in 312. The arch spans the way taken by the emperors when they entered the city in triumph.

Palatine Hill

Archaeological dig

On the way to The Forum

The Forum


Rome 2019



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